The acoustic guitar is an early thirteenth century fretted instrument that typically has six cords connecting the head stock to the body. It is played flat against the musician’s body and held tightly against the fingerboard with the dominant hand while plucking or strumming the other strings using the fingers of either hand. The six strings are also connected to each other by bent wires and are tuned by using pegs which act as tuning heads. Many famous guitarists such as Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page, and Steve Vai all have at one time or another, played on the guitar.
The guitar is an extremely versatile and popular musical instrument. It can be played as an acoustic electric, or classical instrument. It can be plucked with the plectrum or fingers, tapping the body of the instrument, or by plucking with a pick. Many guitar players also use their fingers to pluck the six strings, which produces a rich and distinctive sound. This style of guitar playing has become known as plucking.
The shape and design of the guitar have changed significantly over the years. Early guitars were made from mahogany, which retained its shape even after it had been carved into the shape of the instrument. The sound hole was in the center of the instrument, rather than close to the body. Early guitars also had wood tuning pegs, which fit into the hollow centers of the strings, rather than being attached to them.
The first electric guitar was designed by Leo Fender back in the late nineteen sixty’s. Electric guitars are usually double cut, with a hollow body and a glued on thin neck, called a hot rod. Electric guitars generally have frets, but some used single-coil pickups, called humbuckers. Early electric guitars featured three single-coil pickups, but more recently have been offered with four single coil pickups. A humbucker is also a popular type of electric bass guitar.
Electric guitars have two pickup options – single-coil and humbucker. Single coil pickups are similar to hollow guitars in that they contain a magnet and a coil of wire, but these are amplified. When an electric guitar player hits the fretboard, the magnet attracts the magnetic field and the coil produces a sound. Humbuckers, which are constructed in a similar way to electric guitars, utilize a single coil of wire, but these have larger magnets and a negative polarity.
Acoustic guitars contain two or four strings wound onto a wood body and have a neck that fits snugly against the fingerboard. The neck of an acoustic guitar can be curved, which changes the instrument’s profile and allows for various strum patterns. Acoustic guitars are traditionally played with the finger or a pick. Early Fender guitars were fitted with whammy bar which mounted to the back of the neck and could be used to strum the guitar strings. A whammy bar enables the guitar player to control the pitch of the guitar simply by using the whammy bar’s tension.